The Answers You Need
Hypertension also called high blood pressure, is blood pressure that is higher than usual. Blood pressure is the pressure of blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. That pressure is measured when your heart beats (systolic) and rests between beats (diastolic). As a result, your blood pressure is represented in two numbers, written as 120/80 mmHg. Blood pressure usually rises and falls throughout the day, but it can damage your heart and cause health problems if it stays high for a sustained time.
What is high blood pressure?
There are two main types of high blood pressure: primary and secondary high blood pressure.
Primary, or essential, high blood pressure is the most common type of high blood pressure. This form of high blood pressure typically develops as people age.
Secondary high blood pressure is caused by other medical conditions such as sleep apnea, kidney disease, diabetes, thyroid dysfunction, or certain medicines. It can improve after treating that condition or stop taking the medication causing it.
What are the different types of high blood pressure?
Hypertension is often referred to as the “silent killer” because high blood pressure doesn't cause symptoms in its early stages; when left untreated, it can cause:
Shortness of breath
However, it is possible not to know that you have high blood pressure until you have a heart attack or stroke.
What are the symptoms of hypertension?
Your genetics contribute to your risk of developing high blood pressure. Your chances of high blood pressure increase with:
High fat, salt, and sugar diet
Smoking and tobacco use
Excessive alcohol consumption
What causes high blood pressure?
When your blood pressure stays high over time, it causes the heart to pump harder and work overtime, possibly leading to serious health problems such as heart failure, kidney disease, stroke, erectile dysfunction, and so much more.
Why do I need to worry about high blood pressure?
Your treatment plan is customized to address your specific needs. For example, if your blood pressure is only slightly elevated, you may be able to reduce it with changes to your diet and exercise habits. The team at Reform ABQ provides advice, meal plans, and information on adding exercise to your daily routine. However, if diet and exercise changes don't reduce your blood pressure, your healthcare provider can prescribe medications such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and beta-blockers.
What methods treat high blood pressure?
Hypertension Treatment in Albuquerque, NM
In 2019, more than half a million deaths in the United States had hypertension as the primary or contributing cause, and nearly half of adults in the U.S have hypertension. At Reform ABQ, our Board-Certified Family Medicine Nurse Practitioner Jacqueline Rodgers, MSN, CNP, and the team can help prevent and treat hypertension. Call Reform ABQ or request an online appointment to learn more about hypertension.